A small selection of the tools etc. found recently in Burnley, Pendle and Gisburn
by members of the PDCAS
BURNLEY, PENDLE AND WEST CRAVEN
Local Artefacts and Tools Discovered 2014-2015
Civil War hand grenade fragment found June 2015 in a field at Lane Bottom (Briercliffe).
The out cast iron shell was filled with iron and stone balls, gunpowder and a fuse.
Molten lead was poured into the shell to form a plug at the base - this ensured that
the thrown grenade would land fuse upwards.
The grenade was possibly used in the Civil War skirmish (small battle) reported to
have taken place at Haggate in the St. Peter’s (Burnley) parish records. Five local
men were killed in the skirmish by the King’s troops - the steep embankment between
Lane Bottom and Haggate is known as King Cliffe.
Bronze artefact found near to a local Roman road. The object could very well have
been a girl’s bracelet.
Burnt black flint from the same area as the object above. Flint was often heated
in fires to make it easier to work into tools and weapons.
Roman puglio handle-pommel fragment (again from the Roman road). The iron fragment
is flat on the reverse side, carries two adjacent rivet holes and carries traces
of silver metal inlay.
Found July 2015
The puglio was a short dagger used by Roman soldiers in close-up combat.
The example (right) is a reconstruction while the iron puglio below dates to the
1st century AD.
Another example of a possible ‘Celtic Head.’ (See Artefacts Page One). The distinct
facial features are not apparent on the image.
The object was found near the Lancashire-Yorkshire border in July 2015 within a Bronze/Iron
Age boundary ditch and adjacent to a flint working site. The material is a heavy
volcanic tuff of the type found around the Langdale area of the Lake District . July
Bronze bracelet s from Southern UK
Bronze Age or Iron Age pottery slab discovered in test-pit excavation - July 2015.
The object was set on a layer of organic material within a small sub-circular stone
setting at the base of the same enclosure ditch as above. See linked PDF report for
Sword or heavy dagger handle pommel from Roman road near Gisburn. Iron pierced by
two iron rivets (one still in situ) would have held two outer sleeves of bone, brass,
bronze or wood forming the grip. July 2015
Early iron horse shoe from same trackway as above item.
Still contains three protruding square-headed nails. Branches not fullered to take
nails. Heels do not display calkins but these may have corroded away. Non-lobate
Difficult to date - evidence suggests a tentative period of 14th to 17th century
(Clark, J. The Medieval Horse and its Equipment C1150-1450).
J A Clayton
Sherd of Samian Ware style pottery (Roman - Romano-British - Gaul) also from Roman
Possible profile of pot?
John A Clayton
ARTEFACTS PAGE 3
‘Celtic’ horse shoe found on ancient road near Gisburn.
Wrought iron with one nail still embedded. Lobate form. Heavilly patinated with waxy
mineral concretion. Iron badly corroded. No fullering to branches. Could date from
Iron Age through to 13th century but likely to be of the earlier period.
Branches only one inch in width - not known if the shoe had calkins as branch ends