PROJECT  HOME  PAGE        

Pendle-archaeology

A small selection of the tools etc. found recently in Burnley, Pendle and Gisburn by members of the PDCAS

BURNLEY, PENDLE AND WEST CRAVEN

ARCHAEOLOGY PROJECT

     Local Artefacts and Tools Discovered 2014-2015

Lead plug

Fuse

Civil War hand grenade fragment found June 2015 in a field at Lane Bottom (Briercliffe). The out cast iron shell was filled with iron and stone balls, gunpowder and a fuse. Molten lead was poured into the shell to form a plug at the base - this ensured that the thrown grenade would land fuse upwards.

 

The grenade was possibly used in the Civil War skirmish (small battle) reported to have taken place at Haggate in the St. Peter’s (Burnley) parish records. Five local men were killed in the skirmish by the King’s troops - the steep embankment between Lane Bottom and Haggate is known as King Cliffe.

Bronze artefact found near to a local Roman road. The object could very well have been a girl’s bracelet.

 

July 2015

Burnt black flint from the same area as the object above. Flint was often heated in fires to make it easier to work into tools and weapons.

Roman puglio handle-pommel fragment (again from the Roman road). The iron fragment is flat on the reverse side, carries two adjacent rivet holes and carries traces of  silver metal inlay.

 

Found July 2015

BURNLEY AND PENDLE ARCHAEOLOGY
TOP OF PAGE
Artefacts 3

The puglio was a short dagger used by Roman soldiers in close-up combat.

 

The example (right) is a reconstruction while the iron puglio below dates to the 1st century AD.

Another example of a possible ‘Celtic Head.’  (See Artefacts Page One). The distinct facial features are not apparent on the image.

 

The object was found near the Lancashire-Yorkshire border in July 2015 within a Bronze/Iron Age boundary ditch and adjacent to a flint working site. The material is a heavy volcanic tuff of the type found around the Langdale area of the Lake District .  July 2015

FRONT                                                                                                 RIGHT PROFILE

Bronze bracelet s from Southern UK

Bronze Age or Iron Age pottery slab discovered in test-pit excavation - July 2015. The object was set on a layer of organic material within a small sub-circular stone setting at the base of the same enclosure ditch as above. See linked PDF report for details

Gisburn Pottery Burial.pdf

REPORT

Sword or heavy dagger handle pommel from Roman road near Gisburn. Iron pierced by two iron rivets (one still in situ) would have held two outer sleeves of bone, brass, bronze or wood forming the grip. July 2015

Rivet

Pommel

Early iron horse shoe from same trackway as above item.

 

Still contains three protruding square-headed nails. Branches not fullered to take nails. Heels do not display calkins but these may have corroded away. Non-lobate branch edges.

 

Difficult to date - evidence suggests a tentative period of  14th to 17th century  (Clark, J. The Medieval Horse and its Equipment C1150-1450).

 

July 2015

J A Clayton

Sherd of  Samian Ware style pottery (Roman - Romano-British - Gaul) also from Roman road above.

 

July 2015

Possible profile of pot?

          John A Clayton          

           ARTEFACTS PAGE 3

4
NEXT PAGE
Artefacts 4

‘Celtic’ horse shoe found on ancient road near Gisburn.

 

Wrought iron with one nail still embedded. Lobate form. Heavilly patinated with waxy mineral concretion. Iron badly corroded. No fullering to branches. Could date from Iron Age through to 13th century but likely to be of the earlier period.

 

Branches only one inch in width - not known if the shoe had calkins as branch ends broken off..

 

A rare artefact.                                                                          August 2015